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std::unique

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
Bibliothèque d'algorithmes
Fonctions
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Functions
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Non-modification de la séquence des opérations
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modification de la séquence des opérations
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Modifying sequence operations
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Des opérations de partitionnement
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Partitioning operations
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Opérations de tri (sur les gammes triés)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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is_sorted (C++11)
is_sorted_until (C++11)
sort
Opérations binaires de recherche (sur les gammes triés)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Définir les opérations (sur les gammes triés)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Opérations Heap
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Heap operations
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Minimum / maximum de fonctionnement
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Minimum/maximum operations
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Opérations numériques
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Numeric operations
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Bibliothèque C
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class ForwardIt >
ForwardIt unique( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last );
(1)
template< class ForwardIt, class BinaryPredicate >
ForwardIt unique( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, BinaryPredicate p );
(2)
Supprime tous les éléments consécutifs en double de la [first, last) gamme. Élimination se fait par décalage de la plage en cas de besoin, de telle manière que les éléments à effacer sont écrasés. Seul le premier élément de chaque groupe d'éléments égal reste. Les éléments entre l'ancienne et la nouvelle extrémité ou la plage sont laissés intacts. La première version utilise operator== de comparer les éléments, la deuxième version utilise le prédicat binaire donné p .
Original:
Removes all consecutive duplicate elements from the range [first, last). Removing is done by shifting the range when needed in such a way that elements to be erased are overwritten. Only the first element in each group of equal elements is left. The elements between the old and the new end or the range are left intact. The first version uses operator== to compare the elements, the second version uses the given binary predicate p.
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Sommaire

[modifier] Paramètres

first, last -
l'ensemble d'éléments de processus
Original:
the range of elements to process
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p - binary predicate which returns ​true if the elements should be treated as equal.

The signature of the predicate function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool pred(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types  Type1 and  Type2 must be such that an object of type ForwardIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them.

Type requirements
-
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of ForwardIterator.
-
The type of dereferenced ForwardIt must meet the requirements of MoveAssignable.

[modifier] Retourne la valeur

Transmettre itérateur à la nouvelle extrémité de la gamme
Original:
Forward iterator to the new end of the range
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[modifier] Mise en œuvre possible

First version
template<class ForwardIt>
ForwardIt unique(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last)
{
    if (first == last)
        return last;
 
    ForwardIt result = first;
    while (++first != last) {
        if (!(*result == *first)) {
            *(++result) = *first;
        }
    }
    return ++result;
}
Second version
template<class ForwardIt, class BinaryPredicate>
ForwardIt unique(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, 
                       BinaryPredicate p)
{
    if (first == last)
        return last;
 
    ForwardIt result = first;
    while (++first != last) {
        if (!p(*result, *first)) {
            *(++result) = *first;
        }
    }
    return ++result;
}

[modifier] Exemple

Le code suivant supprime tous les éléments consécutifs équivalents d'un vecteur d'entiers .
Original:
The following code removes all consecutive equivalent elements from a vector of integers.
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#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
 
int main() 
{
    std::vector<int> v{1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 1};
    std::vector<int>::iterator last;
 
    last = std::unique(v.begin(), v.end()); // 1 2 3 2 1 3 2 2 1
                                            //           ^
    for (std::vector<int>::iterator it = v.begin(); it != last; ++it) {
        std::cout << *it << " ";
    }
    std::cout << "\n";
}

Résultat :

1 2 3 2 1

[modifier] Complexité

linéaire de la distance entre first et last
Original:
linear in the distance between first and last
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[modifier] Voir aussi

trouve deux identiques (ou une autre relation) des éléments adjacents les uns aux autres
Original:
finds two identical (or some other relationship) items adjacent to each other
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(fonction générique) [edit]
crée une copie de quelque plage d'éléments que contient pas de doublons consécutifs
Original:
creates a copy of some range of elements that contains no consecutive duplicates
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(fonction générique) [edit]