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Bibliothèque d'algorithmes
Fonctions
Original:
Functions
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Non-modification de la séquence des opérations
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modification de la séquence des opérations
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Modifying sequence operations
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Des opérations de partitionnement
Original:
Partitioning operations
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Opérations de tri (sur les gammes triés)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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is_sorted (C++11)
is_sorted_until (C++11)
sort
Opérations binaires de recherche (sur les gammes triés)
Original:
Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Définir les opérations (sur les gammes triés)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Opérations Heap
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Heap operations
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Minimum / maximum de fonctionnement
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Minimum/maximum operations
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Opérations numériques
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Numeric operations
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Bibliothèque C
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2 >

ForwardIt1 search( ForwardIt1 first, ForwardIt1 last,

                   ForwardIt2 s_first, ForwardIt2 s_last );
(1)
template< class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2, class BinaryPredicate >

ForwardIt1 search( ForwardIt1 first, ForwardIt1 last,

                   ForwardIt2 s_first, ForwardIt2 s_last, BinaryPredicate p );
(2)
Recherches pour la première sous-séquence de [s_first, s_last) éléments dans le [first, last - (s_last - s_first)) gamme. La première version utilise operator== de comparer les éléments, la deuxième version utilise le prédicat binaire donné p .
Original:
Searches for the first subsequence of elements [s_first, s_last) in the range [first, last - (s_last - s_first)). The first version uses operator== to compare the elements, the second version uses the given binary predicate p.
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Sommaire

[modifier] Paramètres

first, last -
l'éventail des éléments à examiner
Original:
the range of elements to examine
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s_first, s_last -
l'éventail des éléments à rechercher
Original:
the range of elements to search for
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p - binary predicate which returns ​true if the elements should be treated as equal.

The signature of the predicate function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool pred(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types  Type1 and  Type2 must be such that objects of types ForwardIt1 and ForwardIt2 can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to  Type1 and  Type2 respectively.

Type requirements
-
ForwardIt1, ForwardIt2 must meet the requirements of ForwardIterator.

[modifier] Retourne la valeur

Itérateur au début de [s_first, s_last) première sous-séquence dans la gamme [first, last - (s_last - s_first)). Si aucune séquence n'est trouvée, last est returned.
Original:
Iterator to the beginning of first subsequence [s_first, s_last) in the range [first, last - (s_last - s_first)). If no such subsequence is found, last is returned.
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Si [s_first, s_last) est vide, first est retourné. (depuis C++11)
Original:
If [s_first, s_last) is empty, first is returned. (depuis C++11)
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[modifier] Complexité

À la plupart des comparaisons S*NS = std::distance(s_first, s_last) et N = std::distance(first, last) .
Original:
At most S*N comparisons where S = std::distance(s_first, s_last) and N = std::distance(first, last).
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[modifier] Mise en œuvre possible

First version
template<class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2>
ForwardIt1 search(ForwardIt1 first, ForwardIt1 last,
                        ForwardIt2 s_first, ForwardIt2 s_last)
{
    for (; ; ++first) {
        ForwardIt1 it = first;
        for (ForwardIt2 s_it = s_first; ; ++it, ++s_it) {
            if (s_it == s_last) {
                return first;
            }
            if (it == last) {
                return last;
            }
            if (!(*it == *s_it)) {
                break;
            }
        }
    }
}
Second version
template<class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2, class BinaryPredicate>
ForwardIt1 search(ForwardIt1 first, ForwardIt1 last,
                        ForwardIt2 s_first, ForwardIt2 s_last, 
                        BinaryPredicate p)
{
    for (; ; ++first) {
        ForwardIt1 it = first;
        for (ForwardIt2 s_it = s_first; ; ++it, ++s_it) {
            if (s_it == s_last) {
                return first;
            }
            if (it == last) {
                return last;
            }
            if (!p(*it, *s_it)) {
                break;
            }
        }
    }
}

[modifier] Exemple

[modifier] Voir aussi

trouve la dernière séquence d'éléments dans une certaine plage
Original:
finds the last sequence of elements in a certain range
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(fonction générique) [edit]
détermine si deux ensembles d'éléments sont les mêmes
Original:
determines if two sets of elements are the same
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(fonction générique) [edit]
trouve le premier élément répondant à des critères spécifiques
Original:
finds the first element satisfying specific criteria
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(fonction générique) [edit]
renvoie vrai si une plage est lexicographiquement inférieur à un autre
Original:
returns true if one range is lexicographically less than another
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(fonction générique) [edit]
trouve la première position dans laquelle deux plages différentes
Original:
finds the first position where two ranges differ
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(fonction générique) [edit]
Recherches pour un nombre de copies consécutives d'un élément dans une gamme
Original:
searches for a number consecutive copies of an element in a range
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(fonction générique) [edit]