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std::minmax_element

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Bibliothèque d'algorithmes
Fonctions
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Functions
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Non-modification de la séquence des opérations
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modification de la séquence des opérations
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Modifying sequence operations
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Des opérations de partitionnement
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Partitioning operations
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Opérations de tri (sur les gammes triés)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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is_sorted (C++11)
is_sorted_until (C++11)
sort
Opérations binaires de recherche (sur les gammes triés)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Définir les opérations (sur les gammes triés)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Opérations Heap
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Heap operations
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Minimum / maximum de fonctionnement
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Minimum/maximum operations
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max
max_element
min
min_element
minmax (C++11)
minmax_element (C++11)
Opérations numériques
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Numeric operations
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Bibliothèque C
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class ForwardIt >

std::pair<ForwardIt,ForwardIt>

    minmax_element( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last );
(1)
template< class ForwardIt, class Compare >

std::pair<ForwardIt,ForwardIt>

    minmax_element( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, Compare comp );
(2)
Trouve le plus grand et le plus petit élément dans le [first, last) gamme. La première version utilise operator< de comparer les valeurs, la deuxième version utilise la fonction de comparaison donnée comp .
Original:
Finds the greatest and the smallest element in the range [first, last). The first version uses operator< to compare the values, the second version uses the given comparison function comp.
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Sommaire

[modifier] Paramètres

first, last -
itérateurs terme définissant la plage d'examiner
Original:
forward iterators defining the range to examine
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cmp - comparison function which returns ​true if if *a is less than *b.

The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that an object of type ForwardIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them. ​

Type requirements
-
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of ForwardIterator.

[modifier] Retourne la valeur

une paire constituée d'un itérateur pour que le plus petit élément du premier élément et un itérateur pour que le plus grand élément de la seconde. Retours std::make_pair(first, first) si la plage est vide. Si plusieurs éléments sont équivalentes à plus petit élément, l'itérateur sur le premier élément ne soit retourné. Si plusieurs éléments sont équivalents à l'élément le plus important, l'itérateur sur le dernier élément tel est retourné .
Original:
a pair consisting of an iterator to the smallest element as the first element and an iterator to the greatest element as the second. Returns std::make_pair(first, first) if the range is empty. If several elements are equivalent to the smallest element, the iterator to the first such element is returned. If several elements are equivalent to the largest element, the iterator to the last such element is returned.
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[modifier] Complexité

À la plupart des applications max(floor(3/2(N−1)), 0) du prédicat, où N = std::distance(first, last) .
Original:
At most max(floor(3/2(N−1)), 0) applications of the predicate, where N = std::distance(first, last).
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[modifier] Mise en œuvre possible

First version
template<class ForwardIt>
std::pair<ForwardIt, ForwardIt> 
    minmax_element(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last)
{
    typedef typename std::iterator_traits<ForwardIt>::value_type value_t;
    return std::minmax_element(first, last, std::less<value_t>());
}
Second version
template<class ForwardIt, class Compare>
std::pair<ForwardIt, ForwardIt> 
    minmax_element(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, Compare comp)
{
    std::pair<ForwardIt, ForwardIt> result(first, first);
 
    if (first == last) return result;
    if (++first == last) return result;
 
    if (comp(*first, *result.first)) {
        result.second = result.first;
        result.first = first;
    } else {
        result.second = first;
    }
    while (++first != last) {
        ForwardIt i = first;
        if (++first == last) {
            if (comp(*i, *result.first)) result.first = i;
            else if (!(comp(*i, *result.second))) result.second = i;
            break;
        } else {
            if (comp(*first, *i)) {
                if (comp(*first, *result.first)) result.first = first;
                if (!(comp(*i, *result.second))) result.second = i;
            } else {
                if (comp(*i, *result.first)) result.first = i;
                if (!(comp(*first, *result.second))) result.second = first;
            }
        }
    }
    return result;
}

[modifier] Exemple

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v = { 3, 9, 1, 4, 2, 5, 9 };
 
    auto result = std::minmax_element(v.begin(), v.end());
    std::cout << "min element at: " << (result.first - v.begin()) << '\n';
    std::cout << "max element at: " << (result.second - v.begin()) << '\n';
}

Résultat :

min element at: 2
max element at: 6

[modifier] Voir aussi

retourne le plus petit élément dans une plage
Original:
returns the smallest element in a range
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(fonction générique) [edit]
retourne le plus grand élément dans une plage
Original:
returns the largest element in a range
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(fonction générique) [edit]