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std::minmax

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
Bibliothèque d'algorithmes
Fonctions
Original:
Functions
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Non-modification de la séquence des opérations
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modification de la séquence des opérations
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Modifying sequence operations
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Des opérations de partitionnement
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Partitioning operations
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Opérations de tri (sur les gammes triés)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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is_sorted (C++11)
is_sorted_until (C++11)
sort
Opérations binaires de recherche (sur les gammes triés)
Original:
Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Définir les opérations (sur les gammes triés)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Opérations Heap
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Heap operations
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Minimum / maximum de fonctionnement
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Minimum/maximum operations
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max
max_element
min
min_element
minmax (C++11)
minmax_element (C++11)
Opérations numériques
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Numeric operations
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Bibliothèque C
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class T >
std::pair<const T&,const T&> minmax( const T& a, const T& b );
(1) (depuis C++11)
template< class T, class Compare >
std::pair<const T&,const T&> minmax( const T& a, const T& b, Compare comp );
(2) (depuis C++11)
template< class T >
std::pair<T,T> minmax( std::initializer_list<T> ilist);
(3) (depuis C++11)
template< class T, class Compare >
std::pair<T,T> minmax( std::initializer_list<T> ilist, Compare comp );
(4) (depuis C++11)
1-2)
Retourne le plus petit et le plus grand des deux valeurs .
Original:
Returns the smaller and the greater of the two values.
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3-4)
Retourne la liste la plus petite et la plus grande des valeurs dans l'initialiseur ilist .
Original:
Returns the smallest and the greatest of the values in initializer list ilist.
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Les versions (1,3) operator< utiliser pour comparer les valeurs, tandis que les versions (2,4) utiliser la fonction de comparaison donnée comp .
Original:
The (1,3) versions use operator< to compare the values, whereas the (2,4) versions use the given comparison function comp.
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Sommaire

[modifier] Paramètres

a, b -
les valeurs de comparaison
Original:
the values to compare
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ilist -
initialiseur liste avec les valeurs à comparer
Original:
initializer list with the values to compare
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comp - comparison function which returns ​true if if a is less than b.

The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that an object of type T can be implicitly converted to both of them. ​

Type requirements
-
T must meet the requirements of LessThanComparable. for the overloads (1) and (3)
-
T must meet the requirements of CopyConstructible. for the overloads (3) and (4)

[modifier] Retourne la valeur

1-2)
Retourne le résultat de std::make_pair(a, b) si a<b ou si a est équivalent à b. Retourne le résultat de std::make_pair(b, a) si b<a .
Original:
Returns the result of std::make_pair(a, b) if a<b or if a is equivalent to b. Returns the result of std::make_pair(b, a) if b<a.
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3-4)
Une paire avec la plus petite valeur dans ilist que le premier élément et le plus grand que le second. Si plusieurs éléments sont équivalentes à la plus petite, l'élément le plus à gauche telle est retourné. Si plusieurs éléments sont équivalentes au plus grand, l'élément le plus à droite par exemple est retourné .
Original:
A pair with the smallest value in ilist as the first element and the greatest as the second. If several elements are equivalent to the smallest, the leftmost such element is returned. If several elements are equivalent to the largest, the rightmost such element is returned.
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[modifier] Complexité

1-2)
Constante
Original:
Constant
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3-4)
Linéaire dans ilist.size()
Original:
Linear in ilist.size()
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[modifier] Mise en œuvre possible

First version
template<class T> 
std::pair<const T&,const T&> minmax(const T& a, const T& b)
{
    return (b < a) ? std::make_pair(b, a)
                   : std::make_pair(a, b);
}
Second version
template<class T, class Compare> 
std::pair<const T&,const T&> minmax(const T& a, const T& b, Compare comp)
{
    return comp(b, a) ? std::make_pair(b, a)
                      : std::make_pair(a, b);
}
Third version
template< class T >
std::pair<T,T> minmax( std::initializer_list ilist)
{
    auto p = std::minmax_element(ilist.begin(), ilist.end());
    return std::make_pair(*p.first, *p.second);
}
Fourth version
template< class T, class Compare >
std::pair<T,T> minmax( std::initializer_list ilist, Compare comp )
{
    auto p = std::minmax_element(ilist.begin(), ilist.end(), comp);
    return std::make_pair(*p.first, *p.second);
}

[modifier] Exemple

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <ctime>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v {3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6}; 
    std::srand(std::time(0));
    std::pair<int,int> bounds = std::minmax(std::rand() % v.size(),
                                            std::rand() % v.size());
 
    std::cout << "v[" << bounds.first << "," << bounds.second << "]: ";
    for (int i = bounds.first; i < bounds.second; ++i) {
        std::cout << v[i] << ' ';
    }
    std::cout << '\n';
}

Résultat possible :

v[2,7]: 4 1 5 9 2

[modifier] Voir aussi

retourne le plus petit des deux éléments
Original:
returns the smaller of two elements
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(fonction générique) [edit]
retourne le plus grand des deux éléments
Original:
returns the larger of two elements
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(fonction générique) [edit]