Espaces de noms
Variantes
Affichages
Actions

std::merge

De cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
Bibliothèque d'algorithmes
Fonctions
Original:
Functions
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Non-modification de la séquence des opérations
Original:
Non-modifying sequence operations
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Modification de la séquence des opérations
Original:
Modifying sequence operations
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Des opérations de partitionnement
Original:
Partitioning operations
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Opérations de tri (sur les gammes triés)
Original:
Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
is_sorted (C++11)
is_sorted_until (C++11)
sort
Opérations binaires de recherche (sur les gammes triés)
Original:
Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Définir les opérations (sur les gammes triés)
Original:
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Opérations Heap
Original:
Heap operations
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Minimum / maximum de fonctionnement
Original:
Minimum/maximum operations
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Opérations numériques
Original:
Numeric operations
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
Bibliothèque C
Original:
C library
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
 
Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class OutputIt >

OutputIt merge( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2

                OutputIt d_first );
(1)
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class OutputIt, class Compare>

OutputIt merge( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2

                OutputIt d_first, Compare comp );
(2)
Fusionne deux gammes triés [first1, last1) et [first2, last2) dans une gamme débutant triés à d_first. La première version utilise operator< de comparer les éléments, la deuxième version utilise la fonction de comparaison donnée comp. L'ordre relatif des éléments équivalents est préservée .
Original:
Merges two sorted ranges [first1, last1) and [first2, last2) into one sorted range beginning at d_first. The first version uses operator< to compare the elements, the second version uses the given comparison function comp. The relative order of equivalent elements is preserved.
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.

Sommaire

[modifier] Paramètres

first1, last1 -
la première gamme d'éléments à fusionner
Original:
the first range of elements to merge
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
first2, last2 -
la seconde plage d'éléments à fusionner
Original:
the second range of elements to merge
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
d_first -
le début de la plage de destination
Original:
the beginning of the destination range
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.
comp - comparison function which returns ​true if the first argument is less than the second.

The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that objects of types InputIt1 and InputIt2 can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to Type1 and Type2 respectively. ​

Type requirements
-
InputIt1 must meet the requirements of InputIterator.
-
InputIt2 must meet the requirements of InputIterator.
-
OutputIt must meet the requirements of OutputIterator.

[modifier] Retourne la valeur

Un itérateur de sortie à l'élément après le dernier élément copié .
Original:
An output iterator to element past the last element copied.
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.

[modifier] Complexité

À la plupart des comparaisons std::distance(first1, last1) + std::distance(first2, last2) + 1 .
Original:
At most std::distance(first1, last1) + std::distance(first2, last2) + 1 comparisons.
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.

[modifier] Mise en œuvre possible

First version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class OutputIt>
OutputIt merge(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
               InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2,
               OutputIt d_first)
{
    for (; first1 != last1; ++d_first) {
        if (first2 == last2) {
            return std::copy(first1, last1, d_first);
        }
        if (*first2 < *first1) {
            *d_first = *first2;
            ++first2;
        } else {
            *d_first = *first1;
            ++first1;
        }
    }
    return std::copy(first2, last2, d_first);
}
Second version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2,
         class OutputIt, class Compare>
OutputIt merge(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
               InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2,
               OutputIt d_first, Compare comp)
{
    for (; first1 != last1; ++d_first) {
        if (first2 == last2) {
            return std::copy(first1, last1, d_first);
        }
        if (comp(*first2, *first1)) {
            *d_first = *first2;
            ++first2;
        } else {
            *d_first = *first1;
            ++first1;
        }
    }
    return std::copy(first2, last2, d_first);
}

[modifier] Exemple

#include <iostream>
#include <iterator>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
 
int main() 
{
    const std::size_t items = 10;
 
    std::vector<int> v1, v2, dst;
 
    // fill the vectors
    for (std::size_t idx = 0; idx < items; ++idx) {
        v1.push_back(std::rand()%items);
        v2.push_back(std::rand()%items);
    }
 
    // sort
    std::sort(v1.begin(), v1.end());
    std::sort(v2.begin(), v2.end());
 
    // output v1
    std::cout << "v1 : ";
    std::copy(v1.begin(), v1.end(),
              std::ostream_iterator<int>(std::cout, " "));
    std::cout << '\n';
 
    // output v2
    std::cout << "v2 : ";
    std::copy(v2.begin(), v2.end(),
              std::ostream_iterator<int>(std::cout, " "));
    std::cout << '\n';
 
    // merge
    std::merge(v1.begin(), v1.end(),
               v2.begin(), v2.end(),
               std::back_inserter(dst));
 
    // output
    std::cout << "dst: ";
    std::copy(dst.begin(), dst.end(),
             std::ostream_iterator<int>(std::cout, " "));
    std::cout << '\n';
}

Résultat :

v1 : 0 0 2 2 3 3 3 6 7 9 
v2 : 1 2 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 9 
dst: 0 0 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 9 9

[modifier] Voir aussi

fusionne deux gammes commandés sur place
Original:
merges two ordered ranges in-place
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.

(fonction générique) [edit]
trie une plage dans l'ordre ascendant
Original:
sorts a range into ascending order
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.

(fonction générique) [edit]
Trie une plage d'éléments, tout en préservant l'ordre entre des éléments égaux
Original:
sorts a range of elements while preserving order between equal elements
The text has been machine-translated via Google Translate.
You can help to correct and verify the translation. Click here for instructions.

(fonction générique) [edit]