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std::lexicographical_compare

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Bibliothèque d'algorithmes
Fonctions
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Non-modification de la séquence des opérations
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Partitioning operations
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Minimum / maximum de fonctionnement
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Minimum/maximum operations
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lexicographical_compare
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2 >

bool lexicographical_compare( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,

                              InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2 );
(1)
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class Compare >

bool lexicographical_compare( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                              InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2,

                              Compare comp );
(2)
Vérifie si le [first1, last1) première gamme est lexicographiquement moins que le [first2, last2) seconde plage. La première version utilise operator< de comparer les éléments, la deuxième version utilise la fonction de comparaison donnée comp .
Original:
Checks if the first range [first1, last1) is lexicographically less than the second range [first2, last2). The first version uses operator< to compare the elements, the second version uses the given comparison function comp.
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Comparaison lexicographique est une opération ayant les propriétés suivantes:
Original:
Lexicographical comparison is a operation with the following properties:
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  • Deux gammes sont comparées élément par élément .
    Original:
    Two ranges are compared element by element.
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  • L'élément non-concordance première définit ce qui est lexicographiquement gamme moins ou' plus que l'autre .
    Original:
    The first mismatching element defines which range is lexicographically less or greater than the other.
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  • Si une plage est un préfixe d'un autre, plus courte portée est lexicographiquement moins que l'autre .
    Original:
    If one range is a prefix of another, the shorter range is lexicographically less than the other.
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  • Si deux gammes présentent des éléments équivalents et sont de la même longueur, puis les intervalles sont égaux' lexicographiquement .
    Original:
    If two ranges have equivalent elements and are of the same length, then the ranges are lexicographically equal.
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  • Une plage vide est lexicographiquement moins que tout autre domaine non vide .
    Original:
    An empty range is lexicographically less than any non-empty range.
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  • Deux plages vides sont lexicographiquement' égalité .
    Original:
    Two empty ranges are lexicographically equal.
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Sommaire

[modifier] Paramètres

first1, last1 -
la première gamme d'éléments à examiner
Original:
the first range of elements to examine
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first2, last2 -
la seconde plage d'éléments à examiner
Original:
the second range of elements to examine
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comp - comparison function which returns ​true if the first argument is less than the second.

The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that objects of types InputIt1 and InputIt2 can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to Type1 and Type2 respectively. ​

Type requirements
-
InputIt1, InputIt2 must meet the requirements of InputIterator.

[modifier] Retourne la valeur

true si la première gamme est lexicographiquement moins que le second .
Original:
true if the first range is lexicographically less than the second.
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[modifier] Complexité

À la plupart des applications 2·min(N1, N2) de l'opération de comparaison, où N1 = std::distance(first1, last1) et N2 = std::distance(first2, last2) .
Original:
At most 2·min(N1, N2) applications of the comparison operation, where N1 = std::distance(first1, last1) and N2 = std::distance(first2, last2).
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[modifier] Mise en œuvre possible

First version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2>
bool lexicographical_compare(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                             InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2)
{
    for ( ; (first1 != last1) && (first2 != last2); first1++, first2++ ) {
        if (*first1 < *first2) return true;
        if (*first2 < *first1) return false;
    }
    return (first1 == last1) && (first2 != last2);
}
Second version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class Compare>
bool lexicographical_compare(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                             InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2,
                             Compare comp)
{
    for ( ; (first1 != last1) && (first2 != last2); first1++, first2++ ) {
        if (comp(*first1, *first2)) return true;
        if (comp(*first2, *first1)) return false;
    }
    return (first1 == last1) && (first2 != last2);
}

[modifier] Exemple

#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <ctime>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<char> v1 {'a', 'b', 'c', 'd'};
    std::vector<char> v2 {'a', 'b', 'c', 'd'};
 
    std::srand(std::time(0));
    while (!std::lexicographical_compare(v1.begin(), v1.end(),
                                         v2.begin(), v2.end())) {
        for (auto c : v1) std::cout << c << ' ';
        std::cout << ">= ";
        for (auto c : v2) std::cout << c << ' ';
        std::cout << '\n';
 
        std::random_shuffle(v1.begin(), v1.end());
        std::random_shuffle(v2.begin(), v2.end());
    }
 
    for (auto c : v1) std::cout << c << ' ';
    std::cout << "< ";
    for (auto c : v2) std::cout << c << ' ';
    std::cout << '\n';
}

Résultat possible :

a b c d >= a b c d 
d a b c >= c b d a 
b d a c >= a d c b 
a c d b < c d a b