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std::find_end

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Bibliothèque d'algorithmes
Fonctions
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Functions
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Non-modification de la séquence des opérations
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modification de la séquence des opérations
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Modifying sequence operations
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Des opérations de partitionnement
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Partitioning operations
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Opérations de tri (sur les gammes triés)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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is_sorted (C++11)
is_sorted_until (C++11)
sort
Opérations binaires de recherche (sur les gammes triés)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Définir les opérations (sur les gammes triés)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Opérations Heap
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Heap operations
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Minimum / maximum de fonctionnement
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Minimum/maximum operations
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Opérations numériques
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Numeric operations
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Bibliothèque C
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2 >

ForwardIt1 find_end( ForwardIt1 first, ForwardIt1 last,

                     ForwardIt2 s_first, ForwardIt2 s_last );
(1)
template< class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2, class BinaryPredicate >

ForwardIt1 find_end( ForwardIt1 first, ForwardIt1 last,

                     ForwardIt2 s_first, ForwardIt2 s_last, BinaryPredicate p );
(2)
Recherches pour la sous-séquence de la dernière [s_first, s_last) éléments dans le [first, last) gamme. La première version utilise operator== de comparer les éléments, la deuxième version utilise le prédicat binaire donné p .
Original:
Searches for the last subsequence of elements [s_first, s_last) in the range [first, last). The first version uses operator== to compare the elements, the second version uses the given binary predicate p.
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Sommaire

[modifier] Paramètres

first, last -
l'éventail des éléments à examiner
Original:
the range of elements to examine
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s_first, s_last -
l'éventail des éléments à rechercher
Original:
the range of elements to search for
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p - binary predicate which returns ​true if the elements should be treated as equal.

The signature of the predicate function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool pred(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types  Type1 and  Type2 must be such that objects of types ForwardIt1 and ForwardIt2 can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to  Type1 and  Type2 respectively.

Type requirements
-
ForwardIt1 must meet the requirements of ForwardIterator.
-
ForwardIt2 must meet the requirements of ForwardIterator.

[modifier] Retourne la valeur

Itérateur au début de séquence [s_first, s_last) dernière gamme [first, last) .
Original:
Iterator to the beginning of last subsequence [s_first, s_last) in range [first, last).
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Si aucune séquence n'est trouvée, last est retourné. (avant C++11)
Original:
If no such subsequence is found, last is returned. (avant C++11)
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Si [s_first, s_last) est vide ou si aucune séquence n'est trouvée, last est retourné. (depuis C++11)
Original:
If [s_first, s_last) is empty or if no such subsequence is found, last is returned. (depuis C++11)
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[modifier] Complexité

Est-ce que la plupart des comparaisons à S*(N-S+1)S = distance(s_first, s_last) et N = distance(first, last) .
Original:
Does at most S*(N-S+1) comparisons where S = distance(s_first, s_last) and N = distance(first, last).
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[modifier] Mise en œuvre possible

First version
template<class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2>
ForwardIt1 find_end(ForwardIt1 first, ForwardIt1 last,
                    ForwardIt2 s_first, ForwardIt2 s_last)
{
    if (s_first == s_last)
        return last;
    ForwardIt1 result = last;
    while (1) {
        ForwardIt1 new_result = std::search(first, last, s_first, s_last);
        if (new_result == last) {
            return result;
        } else {
            result = new_result;
            first = result;
            ++first;
        }
    }
    return result;
}
Second version
template<class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2, class BinaryPredicate>
ForwardIt1 find_end(ForwardIt1 first, ForwardIt1 last,
                    ForwardIt2 s_first, ForwardIt2 s_last,
                    BinaryPredicate p)
{
    if (s_first == s_last)
        return last;
    ForwardIt1 result = last;
    while (1) {
        ForwardIt1 new_result = std::search(first, last, s_first, s_last, p);
        if (new_result == last) {
            return result;
        } else {
            result = new_result;
            first = result;
            ++first;
        }
    }
    return result;
}

[modifier] Exemple

Le code suivant utilise find_end() à la recherche de deux séquences différentes de numéros .
Original:
The following code uses find_end() to search for two different sequences of numbers.
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#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
 
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> v{1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4};
    std::vector<int>::iterator result;
 
    std::vector<int> t1{1, 2, 3};
 
    result = std::find_end(v.begin(), v.end(), t1.begin(), t1.end());
    if (result == v.end()) {
        std::cout << "subsequence not found\n";
    } else {
        std::cout << "last subsequence is at: "
                  << std::distance(v.begin(), result) << "\n";
    }
 
    std::vector<int> t2{4, 5, 6};
    result = std::find_end(v.begin(), v.end(), t2.begin(), t2.end());
    if (result == v.end()) {
        std::cout << "subsequence not found\n";
    } else {
        std::cout << "last subsequence is at: " 
                  << std::distance(v.begin(), result) << "\n";
    }
}

Résultat :

last subsequence is at: 8
subsequence not found

[modifier] Voir aussi

trouve deux identiques (ou une autre relation) des éléments adjacents les uns aux autres
Original:
finds two identical (or some other relationship) items adjacent to each other
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(fonction générique) [edit]
trouve le premier élément répondant à des critères spécifiques
Original:
finds the first element satisfying specific criteria
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(fonction générique) [edit]
searches for any one of a set of elements
(fonction générique) [edit]
Recherches pour un nombre de copies consécutives d'un élément dans une gamme
Original:
searches for a number consecutive copies of an element in a range
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(fonction générique) [edit]